3.3.10. Core Types and Utilities

This module contains a number core classes used to support the standard. Constants

pyslet.qtiv2.core.IMSQTI_NAMESPACE = 'http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imsqti_v2p1'

The namespace used to recognise elements in XML documents.

pyslet.qtiv2.core.IMSQTI_SCHEMALOCATION = 'http://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/imsqti_v2p1.xsd'

The location of the QTI 2.1 schema file on the IMS website.

pyslet.qtiv2.core.IMSQTI_ITEM_RESOURCETYPE = 'imsqti_item_xmlv2p1'

The resource type to use for the QTI 2.1 items when added to content packages. XML Basics

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.QTIElement(parent, name=None)

Bases: pyslet.xml.namespace.NSElement

Basic element to represent all QTI elements

add_to_cpresource(cp, resource, been_there)

We need to add any files with URL’s in the local file system to the content package.

been_there is a dictionary we use for mapping URLs to File objects so that we don’t keep adding the same linked resource multiple times.

This implementation is a little more horrid, we avoid circular module references by playing dumb about our children. HTML doesn’t actually know anything about QTI even though QTI wants to define children for some XHTML elements so we pass the call only to “CP-Aware” elements. Exceptions

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.QTIError

Bases: exceptions.Exception

Abstract class used for all QTI v2 exceptions.

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.DeclarationError

Bases: pyslet.qtiv2.core.QTIError

Error raised when a variable declaration is invalid.

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.ProcessingError

Bases: pyslet.qtiv2.core.QTIError

Error raised when an invalid processing element is encountered.

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.SelectionError

Bases: pyslet.qtiv2.core.QTIError

Error raised when there is a problem with creating test forms. Basic Data Types

Basic data types in QTI v2 are a mixture of custom types and basic types defined externally, for example, by XMLSchema.

The external types used are:

Represented by python’s boolean values True and False. See boolean_from_str() and boolean_to_str()
Defined as part of support for HTML. See Coords
Although QTI draws on the definitions in XML schema it restricts values to those from the nontimezoned timeline. This restriction is effectively implemented in the basic Date class.
See DecodeDateTime() and EncodeDateTime()
Earlier versions of QTI drew on the ISO8601 representation of duration but QTI v2 simplifies this with a basic representation in seconds bound to XML Schema’s double type which we, in turn, represent with python’s float. See double_from_str() and double_to_str()
implemented by python’s float. Note that this is defined as having “machine-level double precision” and the python specification goes on to warn that “You are at the mercy of the underlying machine architecture”. See double_from_str() and double_to_str()

represented by python’s (unicode) string. The type is effectively just the NCName from the XML namespace specification. See pyslet.xml.namespace.IsValidNCName().

pyslet.qtiv2.core.ValidateIdentifier(*args, **kwargs)

Deprecated equivalent to validate_identifier()

XML schema’s integer, implemented by python’s integer. See DecodeInteger() and integer_to_str()
Currently implemented as a simple python string.
Defined as part of support for HTML. See LengthType
Currently implemented as a simple python string
XML schema string becomes python’s unicode string
Length restriction not yet implemented, see string above.
Inherited from HTML, implemented with a simple (unicode) string.
In some instances this is implemented as a simple (unicode) string, for example, in cases where a URI is being used as global identifier. In contexts where the URI will need to be interpreted it is implemented with instances of pyslet.rfc2396.URI.

QTI-specific types:

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.Orientation

Bases: pyslet.xml.xsdatatypes.Enumeration

Orientation attribute values provide a hint to rendering systems that an element has an inherent vertical or horizontal interpretation:

<xsd:simpleType name="orientation.Type">
        <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
                <xsd:enumeration value="horizontal"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="vertical"/>

Defines constants for the above orientations. Usage example:


Note that:

Orientation.DEFAULT == None

For more methods see Enumeration

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.Shape

Bases: pyslet.xml.xsdatatypes.Enumeration

A value of a shape is always accompanied by coordinates and an associated image which provides a context for interpreting them:

<xsd:simpleType name="shape.Type">
        <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
                <xsd:enumeration value="circle"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="default"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="ellipse"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="poly"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="rect"/>

Defines constants for the above types of Shape. Usage example:


Note that:

Shape.DEFAULT == Shape.default

For more methods see Enumeration

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.ShowHide

Bases: pyslet.xml.xsdatatypes.Enumeration

Used to control content visibility with variables

<xsd:simpleType name="showHide.Type">
        <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
                <xsd:enumeration value="hide"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="show"/>

Note that ShowHide.DEFAULT == ShowHide.show

class pyslet.qtiv2.core.View

Bases: pyslet.xml.xsdatatypes.EnumerationNoCase

Used to represent roles when restricting view:

<xsd:simpleType name="view.Type">
        <xsd:restriction base="xsd:NMTOKEN">
                <xsd:enumeration value="author"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="candidate"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="proctor"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="scorer"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="testConstructor"/>
                <xsd:enumeration value="tutor"/>

Defines constants for the above views. Usage example:


There is no default view. Views are represented in XML as space-separated lists of values. Typical usage:

view=View.DecodeValueDict("tutor scorer")
# returns...
{ View.tutor:'tutor', View.scorer:'scorer' }
# returns...
"scorer tutor"

For more methods see Enumeration

The QTI specification lists valueType as a basic data type. In pyslet this is implemented as a core part of the processing model. See pyslet.qtiv2.variables.Value for details.